By Nicoline Wrisberg, Helias A. Udo de Haes, Ursula Triebswetter, Peter Eder, R. Clift
The objective of this publication is to hyperlink call for and provide of environmental info within the box of lifestyles Cycle administration. The publication relies at the result of the CHAINET concerted motion financed by means of EU-DGXII for the paintings interval 1998-2000, and is meant to construct bridges among the several clinical groups within the box of existence Cycle administration. A established technique is undefined, which means that either call for and provide of environmental details are characterized, and then the 2 are linked.
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Additional info for Analytical Tools for Environmental Design and Management in a Systems Perspective: The Combined Use of Analytical Tools
0 · ..... tysb (MCA) 0IIw0 F... _ 0i0p0rII0n - ~ f + Technical elements . :¥do CooIIcq (LCC) T.... Coot~ (TCA) Coot--""(CBA) ~-,... 1 Framework for the supply side. 36 dKl'lon I-- T........ Implemet>- IOlion I ! t Analytical tools Based on non-pIIysk:a1 meb1c:s Based on pltys/c:al meb1c:s 0 SoMcUon/ final a.. n. -~ QuoIily 0 T.... Q u o j i l y _ 0 + . 1 Examples of Concepts Life Cycle Thinking Life Cycle Thinking considers the cradle-to-grave implications of any action. It reflects the acceptance that key societal actors cannot strictly limit their responsibilities to those phases of the life cycle of a product, process or activity in which they are directly involved.
With a multiple criteria decision aid the principal aim is not to discover a solution, but to construct or create something which is viewed as useful to an actor taking part in a decision process. MCA is a two stage decision procedure. The first stage identifies a set of goals or objectives and then seeks to identify the trade-offs between those objectives· for different policies or for different ways of achieving a given policy. The second stage seeks to identify the 'best' policy by attaching weights (scores) to the various objectives.
1980; Azapagic, 1996; Clift, 1999). 5, is between: • Decisions with agreed criteria 13, in which the decision is made by one individual or by a group that has agreed in advance on the criteria to be used in reaching the decision. This prior normative process may be implicit or explicit. Given the view 13 Note that Cohon (1978) refers to this as 'single decision-maker problems', however this term may be confusing since there may be more stakeholders involved in the decision. 24 Chapter 2 of the finn as a social system with culture, nonns and values, decisions within a finn are nonnally in this category.