Download Ant: The Definitive Guide by Jesse Tilly PDF

By Jesse Tilly

Ant is the finest construct administration software to be used in Java environments. in contrast to conventional construct administration instruments comparable to GNU Make, Ant is itself written in Java, is platform self reliant, and interfaces good with the utilities in Sun's Java software program improvement equipment (SDK). as well as being platform self sufficient, Ant is additionally self sufficient of the built-in improvement atmosphere (IDE) getting used. IDE independence is necessary for open resource initiatives (or different initiatives) during which a number of the builders may use diversified IDEs. utilizing Ant, Java builders can: * outline construct chunks, the consequences that they have to produce, and the dependencies among them * immediately retrieve resource code from resource keep watch over platforms equivalent to PVCS * construct functions by means of having Ant assemble the required resource documents within the right orderAnt construct records are written utilizing XML-a well-established standard-so programmers utilizing Ant are usually not required to benefit yet one more scripting language. they are going to most probably already comprehend XML, and should be capable to leverage that wisdom. Ant is an open resource undertaking, and a part of the Jakarta venture. Jakarta is Sun's open resource reference implementation for the JSP and Servlets standards, and is a part of the Apache group's paintings

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Extra resources for Ant: The Definitive Guide

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However, in practice, the clean target may do more than just delete files. In this case, we want Ant to process it during a cleanall. To be safe, it's good practice to include the dependency by default. Sometimes, it may be necessary to include a distribution clean target in a project buildfile. A distribution clean deletes all generated files, directories, and all of the source code. While this may sound crazy (in a way, it is), it is most useful for projects under revision control. Hence, if your project isn't under revision control, don't delete the source code!

Assuming a syntactically correct element declaration, the processing appears to be atomic from the outside; you cannot insert any operations between the time Ant parses the element and when Ant performs the operations that form the 45 Ant: The Definitive Guide basis of the element's definition. Errors, however, occur within two distinct phases during the processing of an element, and understanding these phases alleviates some frustration. 1 Project-level errors At the project level, Ant loads all of the elements in the buildfile.

Compiler. 3 and higher). This is a "magic property," and some of the negative side effects of these are discussed later in this chapter. Even though it's likely you'll use this value in every buildfile you write, it still makes sense to document its purpose. Many people new to Ant will be understandably confused if they see this property here, but never see it used in the buildfile again. compiler" value="modern"/> We have one last step before we delve into defining (and meeting) our project's major goals.

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