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Download Becoming Landowners: Entanglements of Custom and Modernity by Victoria C. Stead PDF

By Victoria C. Stead

Across Melanesia, the ways that humans connect with land are being remodeled by means of strategies of modernization globalization, the construction of states and international locations, practices and imaginaries of improvement, the legacies of colonialism, and the complexities of postcolonial encounters. Melanesian peoples have gotten landowners, Stead argues, either within the feel that those strategies of switch compel types of estate relatives, and within the feel that landowner and customized landowner turn into identities to be wielded opposed to the encroachment of either nation and capital. In locations the place familiar different types of land tenure have lengthy been dominant, deeply intertwined with senses of self and relationships with others, land now turns into a crucible upon which social kinfolk, strength, and tradition are reconfigured and reimagined.

Employing a multi-sited ethnographic strategy, turning into Landowners explores those changes to land and existence as they spread throughout Melanesian nations. The chapters flow among coasts and inland mountain levels, among city facilities and rural villages, telling the tales of individuals and areas who're continuously located and specific yet who additionally percentage strong commonalities of expertise. those contain a subsistence-based group formed by means of the legacies of colonialism and profession in distant Timor-Leste, villagers in Papua New Guinea resisting a mining operation and the govt. brokers assisting it, an city East Timorese cost resisting eviction by means of the countryside its citizens was hoping may signify them within the post-independence period, and other people and teams in either nations who're suffering for, with, and infrequently opposed to the formal codification in their claims to land and position. In each one of those cases, known and sleek types of connection to land are propelled into advanced and dynamic configurations, theorized right here in an leading edge method as entanglements of customized and modernity.

Moving among a number of websites, scales, and sorts of collectivity, changing into Landowners finds entanglements as areas of deep ambivalence. the following, constructions of strength are destabilized in ways in which can lend themselves to the diminishing of neighborhood autonomy within the face of the kingdom and capital. whilst, the destabilization of strength additionally creates new chances for the reassertion of that autonomy, and of the accepted sorts of connection to land during which it really is grounded.

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The Human Rights Act 1998 HRA 1998 came into force on 2 October 2000. It introduced into domestic law the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR). As far as mental health law is concerned, the main implications of the HRA 1998 are as follows: · all ‘public authorities’ – including NHS bodies and local authorities – must interpret legislation in a way that is compatible with the ECHR · the ECHR can be enforced in every court and tribunal · the victim of an act that is incompatible with the ECHR can sue for damages and/or seek judicial review · if an Act of Parliament is incompatible with the ECHR, the courts can make a formal Declaration to that effect.

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