Download Behemoth: The History of the Elephant in America by Ronald B. Tobias PDF

By Ronald B. Tobias

If the country's reputable mascot is an eagle, then its unofficial mascot is the elephant. whereas the eagle soars above the pinnacle of the country from a dispassionate distance, the elephant stands together with his toes at the flooring with least difficult of wretches and the main robust of guys. the 1st elephant arrived aboard send slightly two decades after the signing of the announcement of Independence. He toured the previous colonies taking walks from Maine to Georgia, showing in entrance of a barn or a tavern, hidden by means of a canvas curtain, the place humans flocked to work out him, paying the admission expense in money, rum, or potatoes. Then they went domestic and informed their neighbors and associates, i've got visible the elephant. when you consider that then, the elephant has develop into an unprecedented image within the American mind's eye and an immense determine in our pop culture. because the variety of elephants grew within the early 1800s, they ventured onto the frontier, and traveled to each nation, territory, and ownership within the Union. They labored clearing the land via pulling stumps, laid ties for brand spanking new railroads, and hauled shipment in shipyards. In 1849, an elephant crossed the Rockies looking for gold in California. The elephant grew to become a logo of the horrors of the battlefield in the course of the Civil struggle, and the emancipation of slaves grew to become Lincoln's elephant. simply whilst pleasure over the elephant started to wane, P.T. Barnum began to contain them in his touring caravans towards the flip of the century. quickly, elephants have been acting Shakespeare and enjoying baseball, profitable over the yankee public with their implementing but mild demeanour. In 1884, the well-known Jumbo, whose identify lives on in our day-by-day lexicon, kept the Brooklyn Bridge from cave in. Elephants resumed their position in our tradition, from Thomas Edison's well-known electrocution of bad Topsy to the CIA's LSD-dropping Tusko within the Nineteen Sixties, from D.C.'s political animals to Hollywood's great stars. In Behemoth, Ronald B. Tobias, a ordinary historian and filmmaker, has written the 1st and in basic terms complete historical past of the elephant in the US. He strains the elephant from its first steps on our seashores to its indelible footprint on our nationwide tradition, taking pictures our mind's eye and paralleling our personal pleasure and agony. Interspersed all through this energetic and interesting chronicle are dozens of illustrations, posters, and information articles from the eighteenth century during the current, underlining the power of elephant as a permanent image of the yank adventure.

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And the cigar. But the disclosure that Lewinsky had sex with her boss, then-President Bill Clinton, because she was in love with him comes as news to most of us. Who is served by the ease of such iconic image retrieval? Literally nobody, except those who profit from the sale of mediated narratives. , Slater, 1990). In that sense, media framing is not only a theory of cultural analysis, but also a theory of media effects. Although media frames should be distinguished from the audiences’ pre-existing knowledge structures, the two interact greatly thanks to a vault of common cultural knowledge.

When I was a child, I learned … that Pluto was one of nine planets … [M]y nine-year-old daughter learned … there are eight planets” (p. 2). ) or of the physiological arousal necessary (at least for males) to engage in penile-vaginal intercourse. Because of the post-positivist nature of this analysis, the sexual scripts theory is a useful framework, especially in its more contemporary iterations, distancing it from the negative baggage associated with certain earlier views of sexuality as influenced solely by one’s childhood environment.

Unlike theories of psychoanalysis, the concept of “sexual scripts,” coined by Chicago-School sociologists William Simon and John Gagnon, is useful in explaining the fluid scenarios that people employ in relating to sexual partners and in the management of their desires (Gagnon & Simon, 1973; Simon & Gagnon, 1986, 2003; Gagnon, 1990; Irvine, 2003). , Gagnon, 2004; Gagnon & Simon, 2011; Parker & Gagnon, 2013). Definitions, examples, and implications follow. Conceptualizing Sexual Scripts Sexual activity is not entirely improvised in the moment, contrary to most people’s perceptions.

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