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Download Biotechnological Applications of Cold-Adapted Organisms by E. Remaut, C. Bliki, M. Iturriza-Gomara, K. Keymeulen PDF

By E. Remaut, C. Bliki, M. Iturriza-Gomara, K. Keymeulen (auth.), Professor Rosa Margesin, Professor Franz Schinner (eds.)

There is an expanding curiosity of biotechnologists within the capability of cold-adapted organisms, on account that they play a huge position within the procedures of nutrient turnover and first biomass creation in chilly ecosystems. crucial benefits of the applying of such organisms are the quick microbial metabolism at low temperatures, the low activation strength for enzymatic substrate hydrolysis and the low thermostability of enzymes from cold-adapted organisms. advantages is usually deduced from the frost hardiness and frost resistance of cold-adapted vegetation and animals.

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97. 98. 99. 33 morhua). Kinetic and structural properties which indicate adaptation to low temperatures. Comp Biochem Physiol1995; 1l0B:315-329. Longo MC, Berninger MS, Hartley JL. Use of uracil DNA glycosylase to control carry-over contamination in polymerase chain reactions. Gene 1990; 93:125-128. Sobek H, Schmidt M, Frey B, Kaluza K. Heat-labile uracil-DNA glycosylase: purification and characterization. FEBS Lett 1996; 388:1-4. Kimura T, Horikoshi K. Isolation of bacteria which can grow at both high pH and low temperature.

52 On the other hand, the genes encoding transglutaminases have been isolated from various fishes for the production of enzymes by genetic engineering. 4) has been used as a preservative to remove oxygen from foods. 1. 7) inhibit the growth of various bacteria in raw milk. 34,56 The preservative effect of glucose oxidase from Aspergillus niger has been demonstrated. 6), this enzyme improved preservation of shrimp for 10 days at 0-2°C in terms of inhibition of psychrotroph growth and maintenance of sensory factors.

Jpn J Zootech Sci 1982; 53:814-821. 46. Akuzawa R, Ito 0, Yokoyama K. Degradation of casein by crystalline low-temperature active proteinase from Streptococcus lactis. Jpn J Zootech Sci 1985; 56:56-61. 47. Kamata Y, Chiba K, Yamauchi F, Yamada M. Selection of commercial enzymes for soymilkcurd production by limited proteolysis with immobilized enzyme reactor. Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi 1992; 39:102-105 (in Japanese). 48. Vilhelrnsson o. The state of enzyme biotechnology in the fish processing industry.

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