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By Kenneth Carleton

The English bishops performed an important position within the strategy of Reformation within the 16th century, from the 1st arrival of continental Reformed notion to the digital extinction of the workplace in 1559. This paintings has at its center the bishops' personal knowing of the episcopate, drawn from their surviving writings and different modern discussions; this kind of examine is essential to realizing what grew to become of the English Church of the center a long time and what it was once to develop into less than Elizabeth. Carleton examines the interaction among bishop and king, the episcopate within the context of different orders, and the social context of the place of work; he reviews episcopal task in key components resembling preaching, ordaining, and opposing heresy; and he notes the impact of the types which the bishops themselves organize as beliefs, so much significantly Christ himself because the excellent bishop. The backgrounds of the bishops are set out within the appendix.

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3d ± 8/1/1 ± 10:19 ± bb/sh BISHOPS AND REFORM IN THE ENGLISH CHURCH, 1520 ±1559 Consistory. It remains only to substitute the action of the king for that of the pope to arrive at Barlow's conclusion. The commission dealt also with the question of excommunication, in particular whether God's law allowed the power and authority to excommunicate to those other than bishops and priests. Cranmer ®rmly supported a form of devolved authority which the bishops received from the Crown, not unlike the concept of devolved papal authority found in the later Middle Ages.

From Jerome, Contra Iouinianum, they derived the view that all the apostles, and not only Peter, had been given the keys of the kingdom of heaven. 86 84 85 86 Lloyd, Formularies, p. 105. , p. 281. i. 3d ± 8/1/1 ± 10:19 ± bb/sh BISHOPS AND REFORM IN THE ENGLISH CHURCH, 1520 ±1559 The bishops and divines of the 1540 doctrine commission were asked to consider the relationship between bishops and priests. Its members were divided over the question of whether the bishop or the priest existed ®rst in the Church, or if the two orders came into existence simultaneously.

123±4. 69 Jedin, vol. I, p. 163. 70 Jedin, vol. II, p. 321. 3d ± 8/1/1 ± 10:19 ± bb/sh BISHOPS AND REFORM IN THE ENGLISH CHURCH, 1520 ±1559 attacked clerical abuses and advocated reform of the Church from within, calling upon the bishops to lead the process. The Church was to be reformed not by the passing of new laws but by the enforcement of existing ones. 72 The years leading up to the convocation of the Fifth Lateran Council saw a general call for reform of clerical selection and training, a part of which was the desire for reform of the English clergy expressed by Colet.

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