By Olav Hammer
This quantity offers with the transformation of spiritual creativity within the overdue smooth West. Its element of departure is a collection of esoteric ideals, from Theosophy to the hot Age. It indicates how those traditions have tailored to the cultural givens of every successive epoch.
The claims of every flow were buttressed through drawing on numerous structural features of overdue modernity. the improvement of technology has ended in makes an attempt to assert clinical prestige for non secular ideals. Globalization has given upward push to large loans from different cultures, but additionally to numerous techniques to greatly reinterpret overseas components. Individualism has resulted in an expanding reliance on adventure as a resource of legitimacy.
The analytical instruments utilized to figuring out non secular modernization make clear alterations which are essentially reshaping many non secular traditions.
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Extra info for Claiming Knowledge: Strategies of Epistemology from Theosophy to the New Age
Thus, see Rothstein 1996 for a discussion of the rhetorical use of science in TM and ISKCON. 29 As an example, few modern revelations draw on as many and as diverse sources as Rudolf Steiner’s anthroposophy. Nevertheless, his followers adamantly insist that his entire teachings are perfectly consistent and have sprung directly from Steiner’s spiritual insights. Other modern religious traditions in a similar vein attempt to dis28 hammer/f2/1-25 1/5/1904 6:47 Page 11 11 This study will amply demonstrate that Esoteric doctrines can indeed be seen as a form of bricolage, but that they appear so only from the scholar’s, not the adherent’s, perspective.
Ellwood 1996. Johnson 1994 and 1995. hammer/f2/1-25 1/5/1904 6:47 Page 19 19 writer was Charles Leadbeater. Together with Annie Besant, his close collaborator, Leadbeater introduced some major innovations in the theosophical doctrines. Leadbeater’s life has been documented in an extensive biography,49 as has Besant’s,50 but there are no monograph length studies devoted to their reformulation of theosophy. Other individuals and groups who created post-theosophical creeds and spread them through their writings and their practical endeavors as spokespersons for an esoteric worldview have, with a single exception, received equally little attention.
Attempts to disprove the claims of New Age science range from Lucas 1990 to Stenger 1995. g. com, also contain a wealth of debunking material as well as literature surveys of the anti-pseudoscience ﬁeld. 70 Shils 1981. 71 The contributors to this volume investigated how seemingly ancient traditions, especially in Great Britain and the British colonies, were in fact the products of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The ﬁnal chapter, by Eric Hobsbawm, concluded that traditions were assiduously created in an epoch which saw major disruptions of what were in fact older traditions.