By Bruce E. Murdoch
This is often the 1st booklet to supply finished insurance of the conversation impairments that take place in organization with the 2 most typical types of youth melanoma, particularly leukaemia and mind tumour. Contents ? significant early life cancers: leukaemia and mind tumour ? results of therapy for paediatric melanoma on mind constitution and serve as ? Language issues in little ones handled for mind tumours ? Language restoration following remedy for paediatric mind tumours ? Variability in styles of language impairment in kids following therapy for posterior fossa tumour ? Language problems in youngsters handled for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia ? Discourse skills of youngsters handled for neoplastic stipulations ? Motor speech problems in kids taken care of for mind tumour ? evaluation and therapy of speech and language issues occuring next to melanoma remedy in early life
Chapter 1 significant formative years Cancers: Leukaemia and mind Tumours (pages 1–20): Bruce E Murdoch, Deborah L Boon and Lisa J Hudson
Chapter 2 results of therapy for Paediatric melanoma on mind constitution and serve as (pages 21–54): Bruce E Murdoch, Lisa J Hudson and Deborah L Boon
Chapter three Language problems in young ones handled for mind Tumours (pages 55–75): Bruce E Murdoch and Lisa J Hudson
Chapter four Language restoration Following remedy for Paediatric mind Tumours (pages 76–88): Bruce E Murdoch and Lisa J Hudson
Chapter five Variability in styles of Language Impairment in young ones Following therapy for Posterior Fossa Tumour (pages 89–125): Bruce E Murdoch and Lisa J Hudson
Chapter 6 Language issues in youngsters taken care of for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (pages 126–157): Bruce E Murdoch and Deborah L Boon
Chapter 7 Discourse talents of youngsters handled for Neoplastic stipulations (pages 158–169): Bruce E Murdoch, Deborah L Boon and Lisa J Hudson
Chapter eight Motor Speech issues in childrens handled for mind Tumour (pages 170–186): Bruce E Murdoch, Lisa J Hudson and Susan okay Horton
Chapter nine evaluation and therapy of Speech and Language problems happening next to melanoma remedy in little ones (pages 187–205): Susan ok Horton and Bruce E Murdoch
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Extra info for Communication Disorders in Childhood Cancer
1990). Chessells (1983) stated that the possible factors resulting in impaired growth in children treated for ALL are cranial irradiation, spinal irradiation or long-term chemotherapy. , 1979; Griffin and Wadsworth, 1980). Although not necessarily endocrinal, various other somatic complications besides growth impairment and sterility have been reported following CNS prophylaxis for ALL. , 1989). Cognitive changes In addition to causing physical and endocrine abnormalities, many reports in the literature dating from the mid-1970s have indicated that CNS prophylaxis may also have detrimental effects on various cognitive functions.
Doses of radiation that have been associated with alterations in white matter have reportedly ranged from 2340 to 6000 rads. N o specific dose level has been suggested to increase the risk of white matter calcification or necrosis. Contrary to expectations, Marks et al. (1981) observed that white matter necrosis did not always occur in the region that received the highest radiation dose. Davis et al. (1986) attempted to link radiation dose and resultant damage, and found that children with white matter abnormalities had received between 2600 and 5000 rads, whereas those with calcifications had received between 3500 and 5500 rads, thereby suggesting that calcification is induced by slightly higher doses of radiation than other white matter abnormalities.
1989) who reported a significant decline in the reading and spelling abilities of 14 children treated with radiotherapy for brain tumours that did not involve the cerebral cortex, subcortical white matter or deep grey masses. , 1994). These studies represent the most extensive investigations of the language abilities of children treated for paediatric cancer reported to date and are the topics of major discussion in subsequent chapters of this book. 30 Communication Disorders in Childhood Cancer In addition to language disorders, communicative disorders in the form of dysarthria have also been reported to occur in children who have experienced irradiation to treat intracranial tumours.