By Rafid Al-Khoury, Jochen Bundschuh
''This booklet addresses particular, yet similar and hugely very important geoenvironmental functions: CO2 sequestration in underground formation, and Compressed Air strength garage (CAES). Sequestration of carbon dioxide in underground formations is taken into account an efficient procedure and a manageable technique for the mitigation of worldwide warming and weather swap. although, the temporary and long term outcomes of such an operation can be catastrophic if the concerned hydro-chemo-physical and mechanical techniques on the nearby point should not effectively addressed. Compressed air strength garage is a comparatively new box of geoenvironmental software, yet gaining loads of momentum as a result of its potent usage for strength garage. Renewable power assets, resembling wind power, may be successfully saved within the kind of a compressed air in underground formations at off-peak occasions, and re-utilized upon call for. in spite of the fact that, pumping and freeing compressed air could cause hydromechanical results at the sector, inflicting subsidence, upheaving and minor earthquakes. contemplating the good potentials of those geoenvironmental purposes and their effects, it is necessary to version the concerned circulate procedures and boost numerical instruments, that are in a position to describing such techniques in a correct, sturdy and computationally effective demeanour. This publication goals at reaching such versions and numerical tools.''-- Read more...
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Extra info for Computational Models for CO2 Geo-sequestration & Compressed Air Energy Storage
This mechanism is known as solubility trapping. For the long term, chemical reactions between the CO2 -water mixture and the formation and cap-layer solid matrixes take place. This mechanism is known as the mineral trapping. In this chapter, focus is placed on the first three trapping mechanisms. We neglect the mineral trapping because it is important only after very long time, in the order of hundreds of years. In this chapter, we introduce a comprehensive mathematical framework for modeling CO2 sequestration in underground formations and make it readily suitable for numerical discretization and implementation.
Durlofsky Rouhollah Farajzadeh S. de xxxi xxxii Contributors Peter Lichtner Mandhapati Raju Bernard Meulenbroek Mehdi Musivand Arzanfudi Hamidreza M. Nick Lasse Nielsen Jan M. Nordbotten Curtis M. Oldenburg Lehua Pan Felipe Pereira Dawei Qi Amir Raoof Christopher J. Spiers Mojtaba Talebian Reza Tavakoil Mary F. Wheeler Philip H. nl Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geoscience, Department of Geoscience & Engineering, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands. gov Foreword by Jacob Bear In the past few decades, attention to the earth space has grown considerably, mainly in connection with energy, mining of minerals and environmental issues.
There is a strong coupling between the geometry, flow processes and pressure that make the computational modeling a complicated task. Fluids flow occurring at a microscopic level influences those occurring at macroscopic and megascopic levels. Pressure build-up in reservoirs and caverns can have a significant effect on the storage region. Due to this complicated combination of geometry, flow processes and pressure, it is essential to formulate computational models that constitute a good combination between the governing mathematical models and the numerical procedures.