By Emmanuel S. Nelson
During the final 20 years, African American writers have emerged as a special and dominant strength in international literature. This strength has been accumulating momentum because the Fifties, while James Baldwin released a few of his such a lot compelling works and Ralph Ellison surprised the literary institution along with his stunning Invisible Man (1952). Empowered by means of the Civil Rights circulation and revitalized by means of the Black Arts circulate of the Sixties, this strength turned stronger and pervasive. The booklet of Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye in 1970 was once an incredible occasion within the literary heritage of the us. With a voice as unique as the United States itself, she started to overcome the English language and redefine the overseas literary panorama. in addition to Morrison, ratings of African American writers have mapped daring new territories and firmly entrenched themselves within the leading edge of latest American literature. This reference publication is a advisor to the lives, works, and achievements of seventy nine modern African American novelists.
Through alphabetically prepared entries written through specialist participants, this quantity bargains vigorous, concise, and present information regarding those writers. every one access starts off with a biographical cartoon of the writer, presents a really appropriate severe overview of the author's significant works and topics, provides a consultant pattern of the severe responses the author's novels have elicited, and concludes with a specific bibliography that lists the author's guides in addition to necessary secondary fabric. integrated are significant figures, corresponding to Toni Morrison, Alice Walker, James Baldwin, and Ralph Ellison. There also are entries for plenty of noteworthy yet lesser recognized figures, comparable to Tina McElroy Ansa, Bebe Moore Campbell, Randall Kenan, Reginald McKnight, Marita Golden, and Arthur flora. a few are well known writers with mass allure, reminiscent of Terri McMillan and Frank Yerby; others, equivalent to Octavia E. Butler, are recognized for his or her technological know-how fiction. nonetheless others are wonderful poets or playwrights who've additionally released a number of major novels. Of the seventy nine novelists profiled, forty-one are girls, and approximately a dozen have pointed out themselves as homosexual, lesbian, or bisexual. therefore the amount demonstrates the big range of those writers and the breadth in their contribution to global literature.
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Additional resources for Contemporary African American Novelists: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook
Butler-Evans, Elliot. Race, Gender, and Desire: Narrative Strategies in the Fiction of Toni Cade Bambara, Toni Morrison, and Alice Walker. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989. Byerman, Keith E. ’’ Postscript 5 (1988): 37–43. Chandler, Zala. ’’ Wild Women in the Whirlwind: Afra-American Culture and the Contemporary Literary Renaissance. Ed. Joanne M. Braxton and Andree Nicola McLaughlin. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1990. 342–362. Deck, Alice. ’’ Dictionary of Literary Biography: Afro American Prose Writers after 1955.
Critique: Studies in Modern Fiction 13 (1971): 50–62. JAMES BALDWIN 21 Gayle, Addison, Jr. ’’ College Language Association Journal 10 (March 1967): 201–8. Harris, Trudier. Black Women in the Fiction of James Baldwin. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1985. Ivy, James. ’’ The Crisis 64 (February 1957): 123. Kinnamon, Keneth, ed. James Baldwin: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1974. Macebuh, Stanley. James Baldwin: A Critical Study. New York: Third World Press, 1973.
Williams, John A. Introduction. Streetlights. Ed. Doris Jean Austin and Martin Simmons. New York: Penguin Books, 1996. JAMES BALDWIN (1924–1987) Emmanuel S. Nelson BIOGRAPHY The circumstances of James Baldwin’s birth were unremarkable. He was born on 2 August 1924 at Harlem Hospital in New York City to a poor, unmarried, twenty-year-old woman named Emma Berdis Jones. But his death sixty-three years later on 1 December 1987 at his home in southern France was an event reported on the front pages of newspapers around the world.