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By Susan Wessel

What have been the old and cultural procedures wherein Cyril of Alexandria used to be increased to canonical prestige whereas his opponent, Nestorius, bishop of Constantinople, used to be made right into a heretic? unlike past scholarship, Susan Wessel concludes that Cyril's luck in being increased to orthodox prestige was once now not easily a political accomplishment according to political alliances he had formed as chance arose. Nor used to be it a dogmatic victory, in line with the readability and orthodoxy of Cyril's doctrinal claims. as a substitute, it was once his approach in deciding upon himself with the orthodoxy of the previous bishop of Alexandria, Athanasius, in his victory over Arianism, in borrowing Athanasius' interpretive tools, and in skilfully utilizing the tropes and figures of the second one sophistic that made Cyril a saint within the Greek and Coptic Orthodox Churches.

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John ofNikiu believed that tumultuous Jews were wholly responsible for the expulsion of the Jewish community from Alexandria. In particular, John ofNikiu reports that Cyril threatened the Jews with retribution unless they ceased their actions against the 66 Codex Theodosianus. 4) which prohibited such persons from entering into contracts, and nearly removed them from association with the Roman world (ab omni contractu eos et propemodum Romana conversatione submoverit). Heretics were liable for the penalty of proscription and death if they attempted to gather in public.

4 5 Socrates, HE. F. I, p. 358. 'OpeCTtT\S SE lCaLlTpOTepOv IlEV EIlloel TTiv Suvacrrdav T~V ETTlOICOlTColV <'AAE~avSpeias>. OTllTap1]pOVvTO TTOAV Tiis E~ouolas T~V EIC ~aolAEColS apxe1v TETaYlleVColv•... 26 assessments ofCyril's wide-reaching political powers, though seemingly plausible accounts, were, in fact, intimately bound with Socrates' general disdain for Cyril, an impression shaped, in pan, by Socrates' wary view of contentious bishops who threatened to disturb the peaceful functioning of the church.

In particular, John ofNikiu reports that Cyril threatened the Jews with retribution unless they ceased their actions against the 66 Codex Theodosianus. 4) which prohibited such persons from entering into contracts, and nearly removed them from association with the Roman world (ab omni contractu eos et propemodum Romana conversatione submoverit). Heretics were liable for the penalty of proscription and death if they attempted to gather in public. 51. 52) fined Donatists who did not return to the Orthodox faith; punished their landlords with confiscation of property; and threatened exile to any Donatist clerics and priests.

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